Sodium propionate is a naturally occurring as well as industrially manufactured food additive that is used in baked goods and other food products easily susceptible to spoilage. When used in low levels in food as an additive, sodium propionate has been recognized as “safe” by the Code of Federal Regulations. Sodium propionate prevents the growth of some bacteria and mold in food products such as processed cheese, breads, buns, pizzas, and pastries to prolong their shelf life.
The global sodium propionate market is projected to expand at a 5.40% CAGR, according to Persistence Market Research, with the value rising from US$31.1 mn in 2014 to US$44.7 mn in 2021. By volume, the sodium propionate market is estimated to grow from 18,547 tons in 2014 to 22,447 tons in 2021, registering a 3.0% CAGR during that time.
Side Effects of Sodium Propionate Can Prove Detrimental for Global Growth
When used in its purest form, sodium propionate can irritate the skin. However, the general public rarely comes in contact with the pure chemical. Moreover, the concentration of sodium propionate as a food additive is mild enough to not taste it in products. There are, however, studies that have shown the harmful side-effects of sodium propionate. Sodium propionate is used in baked goods as a substitute for calcium propionate as the latter has the ability to change the effect of other ingredients and materials used in making cakes or pies. This can have certain harmful effects on those consuming such food items.
Even though food products do not directly cause gastritis, they can make the condition worse or significantly affect the ability of the stomach to heal the inflammation. Sodium propionate has the potential to induce sever ulcers and exacerbate gastritis, thereby causing permanent damage to the stomach lining. A 2002 study in the Journal of Pediatric Child Health has also shown that food additives such as calcium and sodium propionate – though having little or no side effect on an average person – may result in a myriad of behavioral changes in children if exposed for a long period of time. Compared to kids following a strict diet of food with no additives, those given traditional bread showed restlessness, irritability, sleep disturbance, and inattention. When the preservative was omitted from the diet of the child, these behavioral alterations seemed to be reversible.
These side effects have proven to be quite a challenge for the sodium propionate market.
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Escalating Demand for Meat and Milk Products Fueling Growth
On the plus side, the sodium propionate market is fueled by a number of positive forces. These include the growing consumption of meat, meat products, and dairy products, rising adoption of animal feed additives to improve production of meat, milk, and eggs, increase in disposable income and spending on food, growth of the foodservice sector in developing economies, and rising adoption of sodium propionate as an antimicrobial agent.
Reaping the benefits of these favorable forces are companies such as Dr. Paul Lohmann GmbH KG., Tengzhou Tenglong Chemical Co. Ltd., Macco Organiques Inc., Foodchem International Corporation, Prathista Industries Ltd., Fine Organic Industries Private Ltd., and Niacet Corporation.