Urinary tract infections are one of the most common hospital-acquired infections. According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 2 million people in the United States are infected annually by hospital-acquired infections. The University of Virginia Medical Centre has been penalized with US$2 million for hospital acquired infections during the period between 2012 and 2014. Urinary incontinence, urinary tract infections, urinary retention, and other urinary disorders are mostly caused by prolonged usage of urinary catheters. The global urinary catheters market is expected to expand at a CAGR of 4.1% during the period between 2015 and 2021. The overall market was valued at US$1,377.5 mn by 2015 and is anticipated to be worth US$1,755.0 mn by 2021.
Prostate Gland Surgeries Drive the Demand for Urinary Catheters
Urinary catheters are mostly used under the following conditions:
Urinary retention: A patient is unable to empty the bladder when needed.
Urinary incontinence: A patient suffers from leaking urine or is unable to control while urinating.
Surgery on the genitals or prostrate
Dementia, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injury.
The most commonly used urinary catheters are intermittent (short-term) catheter, indwelling (Foley) catheter, and external (condom) catheter. The demand for intermittent catheters has been the highest, followed by indwelling catheters. In 2014, the intermittent catheter segment accounted for over 50% of the overall market. Prostate gland surgeries drive the demand from the global urinary catheters market and the application segment is anticipated to hold more than 38% of the market by 2021.
Condom Catheters Carry Lower Risk of Infection
Urinary catheters are the leading cause of healthcare-associated urinary tract infections. Some of the common symptoms of urinary tract infections include:
Leaking of urine out of the catheter
Blood in the urine
Allergic reaction to the material used in the catheter such as latex
An indwelling catheter resides in the bladder and is useful for both short and long periods of time. A caregiver usually inserts the catheter into the bladder through the urethra. Intermittent catheters are used for a short period of time post-surgery. It is necessary to remove the catheter immediately after emptying the bladder to minimize the risks of urinary tract infections. Among the different types of catheters, condom catheters are usually more comfortable and carry a significantly lower risk of infection compared to that of indwelling catheters as it is placed outside the body. It is usually necessary for male patients who have dementia and are not suffering from any urinary retention problems. However, condom catheters need to be changed daily.
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Proper Care for a Catheter is Necessary to Avoid Urinary Tract Infections
It is of utmost importance to clean the catheter and the area where the catheter enters the body. Intake of plenty of water is also necessary to keep the urine clean and prevent infections. The drainage bag used to collect urine should be emptied at least every eight hours or whenever the bag is full. The drainage bag also needs to be cleaned at regular intervals.