Nucleic acid is composed of large biological molecules and divided into two main types: deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). DNA carries genetic information which helps in the development and proper functioning of all living organisms. A DNA segment which carries the genetic information is called gene. RNA converts genetic information from genes into amino acid sequences of proteins.

Isolation of DNA and RNA are carried out for the biological studies. These molecules are isolated with the help of downstream processing. DNA and RNA samples are prepared for the fundamental research to routine diagnostic and therapeutic studies of several chronic medical conditions. The extraction of nucleic acid is time-consuming and labor-intensive process. Many specialized methods are used by scientists and researchers to isolate DNA and RNA. It includes conventional solution-based approaches to solid-phase systems that are often used in commercial kits.

The global DNA and RNA sample preparation markets is categorized based on various isolation methods, by applications, by end users and by various products. The isolation method segment is further sub-segmented into solution-phase, solid-phase, kit and non-kit methods. The application segment includes proteomics, genomics and epigenomics. The end user segment is further sub-segmented into molecular diagnostics institutes, biotechnology and academic research institutes. The product segment is segmented into instruments, sample preparation kits, consumables and accessories.

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In terms of geographic, North America dominates the global DNA and RNA sample preparation markets due to increased life science and R&D spending. Asia followed by the Europe is expected to show high growth rates in the next five years in global DNA and RNA sample preparation markets. This is due to rising demand of genetically modified crops and organisms. China and India are expected to be the fastest growing countries in Asia.

In recent time, technological advancements in sample preparation methodologies, global agreement between leading research institutes to boost research activities in molecular biology field, growing demand for modern extraction techniques and technological advancements in analytical instruments are some of the major drivers for global DNA and RNA sample preparation markets, However, the high cost of sample preparation and isolation equipments hamper the growth of global DNA and RNA sample preparation markets.

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Some of the major companies operating in the global DNA and RNA sample preparation markets are Agilent Technologies, Inc., QIAGEN N.V, Danaher Corporation, PerkinElmer, Inc., Illumina, Inc., Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc., Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc., Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, Norgen Biotek Corporation, Hamilton Company, Tecan Group Ltd., Roche Applied Science  and Merck Millipore.