Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the most common hormonal and metabolic health conditions observed among women across the world. The term ‘polycystic’ indicates a condition wherein multiple cysts are formed near the ovarian surface, whereas the term ‘syndrome’ defines a set of symptoms which make occur differently in each woman with PCOC, rather than the term ‘disease or disorder.’ The incidences of PCOC are growing and the need for effective treatment against it is repeatedly highlighted.
Normally, each female secretes a certain amount of androgen – a male hormone; however, women with PCOS tend to have elevated levels of androgen secretion than those in normal women. Excess secretion of androgen eventually results in distorted balance between the female hormones – progesterone and estrogen. Another hormonal imbalance consequence includes altered ability of insulin utilization to regulate the blood sugar level.
PCOS inflicts women from 15 years of age to those in their 50s. Although the symptoms start developing right after the menarche, they may not be noticeable until the late teenage or early adulthood. In many cases, women in their reproductive age are completely unaware of that fact that they are already suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome. The symptoms may be mild or severe, and are often ignored when mild and sporadic. This is however the point when women must keep a check on their body’s signals in order to prevent worsening of the condition throughout their reproductive age.
Irregularity in Menstruation
This is the most common and prominent symptom that suggests that a woman might be suffering from PCOS. Some cases also record absence of menstrual periods for longer than three months. While the normal menstrual cycle is of 28 days, affected women may have a cycle of 35 or more days; to be precise – less than eight cycles a year. Heavy bleeding and pelvic pain may also indicate a possibility of having PCOS.
Substantial Weight Gain
Studies indicate that nearly 50% of PCOS-affected women are overweight and obese. Women who often struggle maintaining healthy weight may be suffering from PCOS. Moreover, it has been proven that the PCOS symptoms may worsen due to obesity and substantial weight gain.
This is a symptom that women discover only when they plan to conceive but cannot. The primary causes of infertility include the key symptoms of PCOS, including menstruation problems, absence of ovulation, or irregular ovulation.
As PCOS in many women may come along with sleep-related disorders, such as sleep apnea and insomnia, patients many feel a low energy level all through the day, yet find it difficult to sleep at night. Frequent fatigue while performing routine chores is a prominent symptom of PCOS.
It is a medical term for excessive hair growth on facial skin, back, chest, and buttocks, due to higher levels of androgen secretion. In addition, there might be a few skin and hair related problems, such as chronic acne, thinning of scalp hair, and even baldness.
Although the primary cause of the hormonal imbalance responsible for PCOS has not been discovered, a number of researchers believe that it might be linked back to genetics. Efforts are being taken to explore a complete cure for the syndrome but the market has a range of treatment options, which can manage or eliminate the underlying symptoms of the syndrome.
Request TOC (desk of content material), Figures and Tables of the report: http://www.persistencemarketresearch.com/market-research/polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-drugs-market/toc
Summary: Polycystic ovary syndrome incidences increase in number worldwide. Women must know the most common symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome.